Poultry farming in Nigeria: 9 poultry farming techniques to follow.
Looking to start a poultry farm project?
Then it’s advisable to start the poultry farming business knowing all the aspects of the business.
From getting the basic equipment, setup, raising the birds and marketing your poultry business, you’re sure to make your farm grow faster.
However, it’s important to conduct a feasibility study to know which poultry bird you need to grow or the bird that’s in high demand.
Poultry farming in Nigeria has played a vital role in the growth of domestic product(GDP), creates jobs and provided healthy eggs and meat to customers. Many people have made fortune doing commercial poultry farming in Nigeria.
If you’re new or an existing poultry farmer looking to grow your business, you’ll need to learn about best poultry farming techniques that’ll make you raise healthy chicks with minimal risk and more profits.
Things are changing fast and poultry farming is no exception. What worked yesterday might be obsolete today. The solution is to attend seminars, read lots of articles, magazines, books and visit existing farms to get practical knowledge.
BENEFITS OF POULTRY FARMING
Why poultry farming in Nigeria? There’re many reasons of starting poultry farming.
- The market for poultry product is on daily constant demand. Whether you want to start it on a small scale or big, there’s a ready market.
- Commercial poultry farming grows the economy and creates employment directly and indirectly.
- Poultry birds are a great source of meat and eggs which are a great source of nutrients the body needs.
- Whether you’re new or existing poultry farmer, you don’t have to think about marketing. This is because there are already existing poultry products markets.
- Poultry products are consumed by everyone, no tribe, region or religious taboos associated in consuming poultry products (meats and eggs).
- Many poultry birds breed to choose from. You may decide to raise broilers for meat or layers for eggs.
- Anyone can start a poultry farm in their backyard or create a separate farm for there bird.
POULTRY FARMING IN NIGERIA: 9 POULTRY FARMING TECHNIQUES TO FOLLOW.
Poultry farm location
The first step to practical poultry farming is securing a suitable land. The size of the land may depend on the number of birds you intend to raise. A 120*60 square meter space is a suitable space for starting a medium-size farm.
You can even turn your backyard into your poultry farm location. However, ensure the land is pollution and erosion free. If you’re buying land, land in rural areas have limited pollution and can be cheap.
Renting a land might be one of the worse ideas. You can be evicted or expensive to rent and reduce your annual product.
Even though using your land is the best idea, the land must be close to basic amenities like water, security, free from other predators (like rats, snakes), the farm should be accessible for proper transportation and close to the market.
Poultry farm systems
There are several poultry farming systems. The most commonly used are:
- Extensive system
- Semi-intensive system
- Intensive poultry
- Battery cage
Poultry farm breeds
There are 7 most popular types of poultry farming birds:
- Chicken (for eggs and meat)
- Turkeys (for meat meanly)
- Ducks (for meats, eggs and down feathers)
- Geese (for eggs, meat and down feathers)
- Quail (for eggs and meat)
- Pigeon (for meat mainly)
You can select from any of the above-mentioned types of bird. But for the sake of this write-up, we’re focusing on chicken (particularly broilers, layers, cockerels, and Amo Noiler).
This is simply because they’re the most common and the most commercially viable of the poultry breeds.
- Broilers: broiler poultry bird is the fastest growing breed. They grow to table size within 6-10 weeks. The broiler poultry bird is used for commercial meat production.
- Poultry cockerel: this type is also used for commercial meat production. Unlike broilers, their growth is slower but less expensive to grow. They’re more resistant to disease and can adapt to the environment quickly.
- Layers: This is the form of poultry bird grown for egg production. It can take up to 19-20 weeks to start egg production. At the end of the laying cycle, layers can be sold as spend layers for meat consumption.
- Amo Noiler: only recently, this form of poultry bird was introduced for meat production. They gain slaughter weight faster than cockerel and more resistant to disease.
Poultry farming in Nigeria success is dependent on the poultry farm house you made. The type of poultry house will depend on the poultry farming system, the breeds and the poultry farming techniques you intend to use.
Whichever poultry farming technique, the following things must be put into consideration in your poultry farmhouse.
- Poultry house should be well ventilated. This keeps the bird healthy and ensures they produce at maximum capacity. It also reduces the risk of disease.
- Ensure there’s light in the house. The light will be needed to provide the ability for the bird to eat and drink especially in the night.
- Make the poultry house secured. Preventing rodents, snakes, lizards, rain or water from entering the farm reduces the risk of diseases and mortality. Security will also help prevent stealing from people who are out to destroy.
- Clean the house before the arrival of the bird.
- Locate the poultry farmhouse in a location that’s calm and quiet. Noise is another form of pollution which can constantly distract the birds and hamper production.
Poultry farm feeding
Feeding is key to the growth of the bird and productivity. There are quality feeds you can use. Ensure that food is always in there feeding trough. In addition to the food, ensure fresh clean water is always available. Lack of any food or water can lead to slow growth, productivity and even dead of the chick.
If you’re going to be using compounded feed, ensure that the entire nutrients the birds need are included in the right quantity. Compounded feed will be a cheaper option and also a risky option if you don’t compound the feed following the standard.
When the composition of the compounded feed is not followed, they can affect the growth of the chicks. If you’re not sure of how to go about the composition, then go with the commercial feed.
Place your feeding trough and drinker in a way that cannot be contaminated by the chicken droppings (feces). Such food and water contamination are the major sources of disease in poultry farming.
Poultry farm management
Poultry birds are highly susceptible to diseases. That’s why many shy away from the poultry farm business. Simply because in most cases, the mortality rate can be 100%. They can be viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic and nutritional diseases.
That’s why proper vaccination that keeps these birds from disease keeps the birds’ growth not affected and productivity at it’s high. In case of disease, consult a veterinary doctor for a solution.
Poultry farm doctor
Sometimes how hard you try disease might come. That’s not to scare you. But in case of mortality don’t take it for granted, especially if they’re two weeks or above old.
The problem with poultry disease is they’re similar. Even if you read about there diseases, you might not know exactly which one is the cause of mortality.
That’s where the services of a veterinary doctor will come into play. The veterinary doctor will perform a post mortem to know the exact disease affecting the bird and prescribe the right treatment.
Also, the veterinary doctor will tell you the best poultry farming techniques you can employ and advice you’ll need to prevent further occurrence.
Poultry farm marketing
One of the benefits of poultry farming in Nigeria is the market that is willing to buy your products. You can sell your eggs or meat to hotels, bulk buyers, event planners, restaurants and many more.
Poultry farm extra profit
Apart from the profit, you can make from selling poultry eggs and meat, you can also make extra profit from the bird droppings. The poultry droppings are a major source of soil nutrients for growing food.
Farmers do buy the droppings in bags which they use on their farm as manure. Farmers love the farmyard manure because it can be producing farm nutrients for up to three years.
From what we’ve discussed above, it’s obvious that poultry farming in Nigeria can be lucrative and have minimal risk it the best poultry farming practices are followed.
I want to still recommend getting further knowledge about the subject before jumping into the business.